According to the FBI and Active Shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a populated area, and recent active shooter incidents have underscored the need for a coordinated response by law enforcement and others to save lives
During an Active Shooter incident in November 2016, a university utilized social media to alert campus wide to “Run Hide Fight,” which the Department of Homeland Security advises is the proper response sequence to an active-shooter situation.
The phrase is a quick way to remember what to do in an active-shooter situation, in order:
- Run if you can.
- If you’re stuck, hide (also referred to as “sheltering in place”).
- If the shooter finds you, then fight — with whatever you can (from hot coffee to pens).
Experts generally agree that it’s good advice.
“The problem is that there are no one-size-fits-all answers for these questions,” Dr. Matthew D. Sztajnkrycer, an emergency physician at the Mayo Clinic, said in a Clinic publication. “No one can tell us how we should or will act under these circumstances. The general concept of ‘run, hide, fight’ is a good one.
“The best thing to do, really, is to empower everyone to do what they feel most comfortable doing, without fear of subsequent repercussions or recriminations.”
The “Run, Hide, Fight” protocol originates from a video the City of Houston made in partnership with the Department of Homeland Security:
“If running isn’t an option, and hiding isn’t an option, there is one final reaction that you should only use as a last resort if you are confronted by the shooter: fight,” Adam Tabor, a law-enforcement training and accreditation coordinator for Ohio State, said “Make no mistake: You can survive an active shooter incident by remembering and planning ahead to take three important steps — run, hide, fight.”